In lieu of an abstract, below is the article's first paragraph.
When the Census Bureau declared the Frontier closed in 1890, historian Frederick Jackson Turner lamented that the arena in which American character, democracy and uniqueness had been forged was forever lost. His speech, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" cemented the popular belief espoused by Thomas Jefferson and countless others that America was rooted in agriculture and its ties to the land.
Boyce, Erin. "Urbanization, Suburbanization, and Gentrification: An Application of the Turner Thesis to Modern Population Trends." The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research 7 (2004): 3-6. Web. [date of access]. <https://fisherpub.sjfc.edu/ur/vol7/iss1/3>.