Volume 22 (2021)

Editor's Note

On behalf of myself and the rest of the Editorial Board, I am pleased to present the 2021 edition of The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Research and Scholarship. Represented in this 22nd volume of The Review is a variety of research pieces written by undergraduate students here at St. John Fisher College. We admire the willingness of these students to have their papers recognized and published for this edition.

The process for selecting a piece to get published is no easy task. The Editorial Board thoroughly considered each submission we received during our review process and at times, we experienced difficulty in determining what one’s should move forward towards final publication. The pieces published in this edition of The Review are thought to be the best out of all the submissions that we ended up receiving. Nevertheless, we are grateful and appreciative of all those students who dedicated their time to submit a piece for it to potentially be recognized.

I would like to thank the members of the Editorial Board for their effort and commitment to ensuring that this 2021 edition of The Review is one of the best yet. Additionally, thank you to our faculty advisor Dr. Bissonette for guiding us towards this finalized publication. We also want to thank our faculty reviewers whose knowledge in their respective fields allowed us to highlight relevant and accurate research pieces.

Congratulations to all of our represented authors, especially Kathryn Kelly, for winning this year's Provost’s Award for Best paper.

We hope that you thoroughly enjoy this 22nd volume of The Review.

Yours truly,
Jake Franchi ‘23



Jake Franchi

Review Cover Art, 2021


Jake Franchi '23

Current: Prof. Melissa Bissonette, English Dept.

Andrew Cegielski, '23
Michelle Teich, '22
Jake Franchi, '23
Brian Jantz, '23
Maria Robinson, '23
Madison Weber, '23

Dr. James Bowman, English
Dr. Tara Sacco, Nursing
Dr. Sebastien Lazardeux, Political Science
Dr. Michael Boller, Biology
Dr. Maryann Herman, Biology
Dr. Greg Cunningham, Biology
Dr. Oliver Griffin, History
Dr. Eileen Merges, Psychology
Dr. Ryan Thibodeau, Psychology
Dr. David Pate, Economics
Dr. Robert Ruehl, Philosophy
Dr. Francisco Plata, Modern Language

The editorial staff of The Review would also like to thank the following people for their support:
Dr. Kevin Railey, Provost
Dr. Ann Marie Fallon, Dean for the School of Arts & Sciences
Ben Hockenberry, Head of Library Systems and Subscriptions
Kourtney Blackburn, Access Services Librarian
Kate Torok, Director of Marketing & Communications
Jeremy Luke, Print Services
Logo designed by Ashley Flanagan
Cover photo by John Smillie Photography