Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Social and Behavioral Sciences


This literature review will examine the concept of the second shift by comparing Arlie Hochschild’s classic, The Second Shift, to more recent literature focused on the second shift. There is an obvious contradiction between the amount of work that Hochschild proposed women were performing due to the second shift in the 1970s and 1980s (15 more hours per week than their male counterparts) and the amount of work that the current literature suggests women in today’s society are performing (five more hours per week than their male counterparts). Where is this contradiction coming from? This literature review will focus on concepts discussed by Hochschild and then compare these concepts to issues discussed in the current literature to try to tease out the societal factors that have led to a diminishing second shift.

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