Binge eating, weight loss, obesity, depression
The moderating influence of binge eating status on obese individuals’ responses to weight loss treatment was evaluated with a meta-analysis of 36 tests of weight loss treatment (n=792) that were matched to control key background variables. After controlling for pre-treatment weight, treatment produced more weight loss in samples of obese non- BED compared with obese BED participants. Weight loss treatment produced large posttreatment reductions in depression in both obese BED and non-BED samples. The results indicate that BED status moderated post-treatment weight loss among people in weight treatment programs. Obese BED (average weight loss= 1.3 kg) samples lost negligible weight compared to obese non-BED (average weight loss= 10.5 kg) samples. BED status did not moderate psychological responses to treatment: both BED and non-BED samples experienced large post-treatment reductions in depression. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Blaine, Bruce E. and Rodman, J. (2007). "Responses to Weight Loss Treatment Among Obese Individuals with and without BED: A Matched-study Meta-analysis." Eating and Weight Disorders 12, 54-60.
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