The Real People: Ethnohuman Speciation at the Intersection of Modern Western Multiculturalism, Human Rights, and ‘Islamic’ Terrorism
Local ethnic labels for indigenous societies across the world can be translated as ‘the people’, or ‘true’ or ‘correct’ people, with the assumption that while outsiders may look human, such outsiders remain less than real people. This relatively extreme form of ethnocentrism can be illustrated in reference to the Mardu Australian aborigines, the Kulina and Wari of Amazonia, or potentially the Min of Papua New Guinea, revealing much about how diverse societies negotiate concepts of foreignness. Although modern and contemporary understandings for humanity draw from a biological definition of species, ethnohuman speciation remains arguably fundamental to Western and global society through sociopolitical assumptions and biosocial understandings for international law and universal human rights. This chapter explores ethnocentrism associated with ethnohuman speciation specifically when modern Western concepts of multiculturalism and human rights are challenged through anxiety for ‘foreign’ and ‘Islamic’ terrorism. Intended impacts involve a more critical and refined understanding of ‘multiculturalism,’ along with re-examination of debates involving human rights in the context of assumptions for foreign or religiously motivated terrorism.
Bell, David Elijah (2018). "The Real People: Ethnohuman Speciation at the Intersection of Modern Western Multiculturalism, Human Rights, and ‘Islamic’ Terrorism." Strangers, Aliens, Foreigners: The Politics of Othering from Migrants to Corporations 106, 8-18.
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