electromagnetically induced transparency, lossless propagation, population transfer, pulses, continuum, symmetry
Exact analytic results are presented that give a general solution for a pair of solitary waves which can propagate through a three- and a five-level system with their shapes invariant. These solitary waves vary widely in shape and form: from ones for which the pulses have similar shape to ones which have very different but ''complementary'' shapes. A general type of solitary-wave pair which is insensitive to small perturbations is identified.
Hioe, Foek T. and Grobe, R. (1994). "Matched Optical Solitary Waves for 3-Level and 5-Level Systems." Physical Review Letters 73.19, 2559-2562.
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