Date of Award/Publication
M.S. in Advanced Practice Nursing
Objectives: To determine the effect of being exposed to music during a colonoscopy on fentanyl and versed requirements in adult patients at an outpatient gastrointestinal clinic when compared to standardized care.
Design: A triple blind randomized controlled trial.
Setting: The study took place at a large medical center in Upstate New York.
Interventions: Comparing the amounts of sedative medications administered in those who were exposed to music therapy and those who were not during a routine colonoscopy.
Main Outcome Measures: The amounts of fentanyl and versed that were administered during a colonoscopy.
Results: The total number of patients was 101; 54.4% listened to music and 45.5% did not. There was a significant difference in the amount of fentanyl administered between those who were exposed to music compared to those who did not (t(99)= -2.85, p(99)= -2.97, p<0.005).
Conclusions: The amounts of both fentanyl and versed were reduced in those who had music playing during their colonoscopy when compared to those who did not. Music therapy is a safe and cost effective intervention that can be used as adjunct therapy during conscious sedation procedures such as colonoscopies.
Vavra, Steffanie, "Music Therapy and Conscious Sedation" (2018). Nursing Masters. Paper 56.
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