Date of Award/Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. in International Studies


International Studies


Throughout their history, the Basque people have been subject to great amounts of oppression, while at the same time attempting to fight for their identity, equality, and simply the ability to ensure the continuation of their culture. This was never more of a danger to the Euskadi people than during the twentieth century mainly resulting from the repression they experienced under the Government of Francisco Franco. As a reaction to those policies, the Basque Nationalist Movement worked to ensure the survival of the language through the creation of underground schools and other programs to spur the use of language. In this paper, I argue that while Franco's policies initially led to a decrease in the usage of Euskera, they eventually led to a strong resurgence of the language and the Nationalist Movement as a whole.

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