Date of Award/Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. in International Studies


International Studies


Since the inception of its central planning system in 1953, the People's Republic of China has struggled to grow into a uniquely Chinese, yet effective economic planning system. The intention of this paper is to examine the changing role of planning in China. Changes are demonstrated in the Five Year Plans of the pre-reform (1953-1978) and reform eras (1978-1995). The argument asserts that the role of planning existed poorly during pre-reform centralization, but was strengthened during decentralized marketization in the reform era. This irony demonstrates that China has not completely grown out of the need for the plan, but instead has grown into the need for a different type of plan.

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