Date of Award/Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

MS in Special Education



First Supervisor

Susan Schultz


High-stakes testing affects students and educators all over the United States. Though high-stakes testing is not new to education, in 2001, it became national policy as a result of the No Child Left Behind Act. The goal is this act was to better the education system in the United States. The paper examines the many positive and negative consequences of high-stakes testing. Opinions greatly differ about high-stakes testing. In order to present the positive and negative consequences, the author has attempted to synthesize findings from 13 research articles. The purpose of this study is to present a systematic review of the available evidence-based literature concerning the research question. The research question investigated is: Is high-stakes testing helping to improve the education system in the United States? Additionally, the author attempts a better understanding by reviewing experiences by current educators in the field.

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