Date of Award/Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

MS in Literacy Education



First Supervisor

Joellen Maples


This study examined the benefits of using strategy instruction during the prewriting stage of the writing process. Research was conducted in the home of 10 year old twin brothers as they were introduced to three types of prewriting strategies: brainstorming, graphical representations, and plan, organize, write. Data was collected through student questionnaires, student writing samples, and researcher observations. The findings showed that strategy instruction in the prewriting stage improves student writing in terms of content, organization, and voice, and also improves student’s motivation and creativity towards writing. In order to be beneficial to student writing, educators need to implement instruction in a variety of strategies so students have the opportunity to find a prewriting strategy that works best for their abilities.

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