Influence of punch geometry (head-flat diameter) and tooling type (‘B’ or ‘D’) on the physical–mechanical properties of formulation tablets
The presented study assessed the influence of punch geometry (head-flat [HF] diameter) and tooling type (‘B’ or ‘D’) on the physical–mechanical properties of tablets prepared by direct-compression of two guaifenesin (25% or 40% w/w) formulations. Tablets of both formulations were prepared on instrumented, single-layer, rotary tablet press using 10 mm, flat-faced, ‘B’ or ‘D’-type tooling with different HF diameters, and compression forces (CF) ranging from 5 to 25 kN with 5 kN increments. The tablets were evaluated for dimensions, weight variation, tensile strength (TS), friability, and capping index. In general, tablets prepared using ‘D’ tooling showed a significantly (p < 0.05) higher TS compared to those prepared using ‘B’ tooling, likely due to higher dwell-times associated with ‘D’ tooling. Formulations containing 25% w/w guaifenesin showed a significantly (p < 0.05) higher TS compared to those containing 40% w/w guaifenesin, at given compression CF, punch geometry, or tooling type. This could be due to the higher ratio of Prosolv® SMCC contributing to the compressibility. For both formulations compressed using ‘B’ tooling, differences in TS profiles were observed between different HF tooling. The TS of these tablets increased significantly with increasing HF diameter. For formulations compressed using ‘D’ tooling, this trend was observed only up to a CF of 15 kN, beyond which the TS plateaued, possibly due to work-hardening of the formulation at higher CF. These formulations also exhibited capping at CF above 15 kN and with higher HF diameters. The study showed a significant influence of punch geometry and tooling type on the physical properties of tablets.
Shah, Harsh G.; Dugar, Rohit P.; Li, Honghao; Dave, Vivek S.; and Dave, Rutesh H. (2018). "Influence of punch geometry (head-flat diameter) and tooling type (‘B’ or ‘D’) on the physical–mechanical properties of formulation tablets." Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 45.1, 117-123.
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