Autism spectrum disorders are characterized by deficits in social and cognitive functioning. Many individuals with autism have poor executive functioning which inhibits their ability to initiate a task, to remain attentive, and to organize and sequence information. Poor executive functioning can also make it difficult to generalize learned skills. As a result of these developmental weaknesses, individuals with autism spectrum disorders struggle to function independently. The use of pictorial activity schedules, videos, work systems, and social stories can be implemented to help individuals with autism spectrum disorders become increasingly independent, while reducing the need for adult prompting.
Schack, Emma. "Promoting Independence among Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders." The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research 15 (2014): 23-27. Web. [date of access]. <http://fisherpub.sjfc.edu/ur/vol15/iss1/7>.