Title

Sexual life after weight loss surgery

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-9-2017

Abstract

Background

Previous research revealed a relationship between higher body mass index (BMI) and lower sexual functioning. However, the role of psychosocial variables, such as body image, in this relationship has been understudied.

Objective

To assess sexual life before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) and examine the role of body image and BMI in these changes.

Setting

WLS center at a major urban community hospital.

Methods

327 participants (275 women and 52 men) who underwent either laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (n = 225) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (n = 102) were assessed on measures of sexual life preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. The number of completers were n = 126 at 1-month follow-up, n = 84 at 3 months, n = 86 at 6 months, n = 84 at 12 months, and n = 55 at 24 months.

Results

There was a significant increase in quality of sexual life over time, F(5,479.5) = 24.3, PF(1,580.3) = 36.9, PF(1,566.6)P = .94. A mediation analysis revealed that the relationship BMI had with sexual life was through its influence on body dissatisfaction.

Conclusion

Participants experienced improvements in quality of sexual life over time after WLS, and decrease in body image dissatisfaction was the strongest predictor of these improvements. These results underscore the importance of body image, independent of weight loss, in postsurgical sexual life.

DOI

10.1016/j.soard.2017.01.014