Two classes of analytic solutions for three-state systems involving two overlapping laser pulses of different shapes, or of similar shapes but with their centers displaced, are presented. We find a remarkable connection between the order of arrival of the two overlapping pulses and the effectiveness of transfer from the ground state to the third state, and we find remarkable results for the maximum occupation probability of the intermediate state. The approach of these analytic solutions to the adiabatic-following process is also demonstrated.
Carroll, C. E. and Hioe, Foek T. (1990). "Analytic solutions for three-state systems with overlapping pulses." Physical Review A 42.3, 1522-1531.
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