The increasing prevalence of multi-drug resistant bacterial infections fuels a continuing need to find effective antimicrobial agents. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil activity against sixteen true and opportunistic human pathogenic bacterial strains was tested, including: S. aureus, S. epidermidis, B. cereus and E. aerogenes. Inhibition of microbial growth by both essential oils was determined using a Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion assay and results compared to common antibiotics. Results indicated that both essential oils possess antimicrobial compounds against select bacterial strains. Our data support phytomedicine as a plausible option to combat antibiotic resistance.
Riley, Mary; Martell, Jeremy; and Herman, Maryann, "Potential Use of Basil and Lemongrass Essential Oils Against Human Bacterial Pathogens" (2015). Biology Faculty Publications. Paper 19.
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